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Although the controversy over the lack of consent in fetal-tissue clinical trials is relatively new, history is replete with instances of medical researchers who have conducted clinical trials with minorities and the economically disadvantaged without their consent.1 Traditionally, American bioethics has served as a safety net for the rich and powerful (for they are not forced to act as research subjects to obtain access to health care for themselves or their children) while failing to protect the vulnerable, which includes minorities and the economically disadvantaged. Without access to health care, minorities and the economically disadvantaged are unduly influenced to participate in clinical trials that promise access to health care.