The author details the conflicts of interest facing individual investigators and research institutions and describes the current mechanisms, primarily focused at the relationship between the investigator and the research institution, to regulate these conflicts. The author finds these mechanisms insufficient and believes that the best approach is not to regulate conflicts, but to abolish them. The author acknowledges, however, that there is a lack of political will in an abolitionist approach. He proposes, therefore, institutional review board oversight at the level of the relationship between researcher and individual subjects as the next best solution.
Goldner, Jesse, Dealing with Conflicts of Interest in Biomedical Research: Irb Oversight as the Next Best Solution to the Abolitionist Approach. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2001.