This paper examines the role of gender mainstreaming in international trade policy and law upon the tenth anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (“Beijing Declaration”) and the World Trade Organization (“WTO”). The author notes that these two topics have not been successfully integrated but will need to be if globalization is to proceed in a meaningful, positive way. After tracing the historical development of gender mainstreaming at the international level through the Beijing Declaration, the author outlines the manner in which various intergovernmental organizations within the United Nations system have implemented its mandate. However, gender mainstreaming is notably absent from the agenda of the WTO. The author suggests ways in which gender should be mainstreamed within the governance structure of the WTO and in substantive WTO law.
Wagner, Constance Z., Gender Mainstreaming in International Trade: Catalyst for Economic Development and Political Stability (2006). American Society of International Law, Studies in Transnational Legal Policy, No. 37 (2006).