This article briefly describes the history of jury courts and lay participation in various countries, and the inter-related political and procedural reasons for introducing lay participation. It specifically focuses on the introduction of lay participation in application to Japan’s new mixed court system.
Thaman, Stephen C., Japan's New System of Mixed Courts: Some Suggestions Regarding Their Future Form and Procedures (2001). St. Louis-Warsaw Transatlantic Law Journal, 2003, vol. 2001-2002, p. 89-117.