This article addresses the question of fact and law in Russian jury trials, specifically the practice of the Cassational Courts under the jury laws of 1864 and 1993. It discusses the general structure of the question lists, what the jury’s finding of guilt actually entails, if mental state and aggravating circumstances are questions of law or fact, and the question of jury nullification. It also provides an assessment of the jurisprudence of the Cassational Panel of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.
Thaman, Stephen C., Questions of Fact and Law in Russian Jury Trials: The Practice of the Cassational Courts Under the Jury Laws of 1864 and 1993 (2001). Revue internationale de droit penal, 2001. vol. 72, p. 415-450.