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segregation, marriage, illegitimacy, brown, first amendment, obscenity, pornography, racism, popular constitutionalism, eastland, kilpatrick, civil rights, integration, desegregation, massive resistance


Building on current interest in the regulation of child pornography, this article goes back to the 1950s, recovering a lost history of how southern segregationists used the battle against obscenity to counter the Supreme Court’s ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. Itself focused on the psychological development of children, Brown sparked a discursive backlash in the South focused on claims that the races possessed different cultures and that white children would be harmed joined a larger, regional campaign, a constitutional guerilla war mounted by moderates and extremists alike that swept onto cultural, First Amendment terrain even as the frontal assault of massive resistance succumbed to federal might. A radical re-reading of prevailing understandings of southern resistance to Brown, this article posits that civil rights proved much more culturally contingent than scholars have so far recognized, reframing the manner in which we understand Brown, its progeny, and current constitutional debates over the relationship between rightsand race.